Class management is an essential aspect of the educational process. It is crucial to create a conducive environ-ment for effective teaching to take place. Effective class management helps block out those factors that obstruct and disrupt the teaching-learning process's smooth flow. Teachers implement a variety of classroom manage-ment techniques to make class disciplined and productive. Teachers must possess class management skills. An updated view of class management includes all the steps taken by teachers to improve the teaching-learning pro-cess. The process includes improving one's behavior and class environment, meeting student expectations, using appropriate study materials, and introducing useful and stimulating activities.
One of the common pedagogical strategies to manage a class is ensuring students are in an environment where they feel motivated to learn and grow. Some of the vital factors that should be taken care of include consistency, mutual respect, seating arrangement, proximity, and the like. The four distinct class management styles are au-thoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and permissive. Effective class management skills include being patient, set-ting boundaries, being spontaneous and aware, and maintaining good timing. In the absence of proper class man-agement, teachers may feel stressed and exhausted.
To effectively manage class, the following classroom management ideas may be adopted:
The guidelines and classroom discipline norms laid down at the beginning of an academic year should be religious-ly followed throughout the year. Children learn a lot by observing. Therefore, it is of extremely important that teachers are organized, well-mannered, disciplined, and punctual. If necessary, the teachers could pin the basic classroom rules on the class notice board. Students can be encouraged to help their teachers frame these rules to be happy to oblige and follow them. Teachers should communicate students the ways they want them to behave in class. A disciplined class is like a sponge where students will be eager to absorb the incoming stimuli and infor-mation. Various verbal and nonverbal cues help establish class control, monitor student social emotional learning, and ensure academic engagement.
Students should be praised publicly and rebuked or given feedback privately. This will help in maintaining a positive student-teacher relationship as well as class decorum. Praising students from time to time will boost their self-esteem, inspire other students, and reinforce good behavior. The opinion of students should always be welcomed and given importance. Events, where they are allowed to speak their minds and deliver presentations, should be organized. When learning becomes fun, students will be psychologically stimulated. School management should also update parents about their kid's behavioral and academic progress from time to time. This step ensures to deal with student problems at the initial stages. Teachers should be kind yet firm, considerate yet strict with ha-bitual offenders.
Teachers can take necessary steps taken to ward off monotony during classroom teaching. Teachers should plan their lessons well, encourage students, arm themselves with different teaching aids, digital and traditional, such as videos, audios maps, audiobooks, charts, pictures, etc., and divide their teaching time wisely. This will make the classes animated, interesting, and thought-provoking. Impromptu quizzes, tests, project work, solo and team activities, competitions, and question-answer sessions should be conducted so that the students will always be alert, excited to learn, and receptive during classes.
The selected method of instruction should cater to the needs of all the students present in the class. Teachers should provide special attention to struggling students as well as exceptional students. Students should be provid-ed time to absorb the lessons taught and come up with their queries and feedback. Teachers should try to gather basic information about each student in their class. This way, glaring issues could be dealt with before beginning class. Teachers should move around the class when they are teaching.
Each student is unique. One size may not fit all. Teachers should be flexible and adopt different teaching strate-gies like peer teaching, reading buddies, collaborative teaching, and the like to benefit students with poor inter-personal skills, physical and psychological disabilities, and low confidence. Rather than abiding strictly by rules, teachers should adopt whatever works the best for their class.
Reducing chaos, creating smooth classroom transitions, dealing with bickering and complains, keeping noise un-der control, and dealing with nuisance makers are some of the teachers' challenges. Teachers should formulate strategies to deal with these issues to manage their class effectively. They should appoint responsible class pre-fects and monitors to help them in maintaining discipline and managing class.
Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had once quoted, "The children of today will make the India of tomorrow. The way we bring them up will determine the future of our country." By adopting the right class management ideas and im-plementing them appropriately, teachers can make the optimum use of their teaching time and carry out their responsibility of guiding our nation's future adults well.